The Big Hole situated in the city of Kimberly in South Africa is claimed to be the largest hole excavated manually. It is an old diamond mine dugged by hands in 1871 and closed in 1914. Many people died in mining accidents due to insufficient work safety plus the unsanitary conditions, scarcity in food and water and intense summer heat.
At present the new facility is highly structured attracting more visitors in its elaborated theme “Diamonds and Destiny”, the big holllow still visible, a massive crater about 214 meters deep with a perimeter of more or less 1.5 kilometers filled with water. The property belongs to the De Beers family.